Domestic and foreign policy are intimately intertwined. At no time is this more clear than in periods of prolonged war. Prominent individuals from the authors of the Anti-Federalist and Federalist Papers to Benjamin Franklin and George Washington on up to Randolph Bourne early in the last century to contemporaries like Robert Higgs and Ron Paul have understood this well, warning against the dangers particularly to a republic of standing armies, entangling alliances, and imperial adventurism abroad. Draw upon your required reading and viewing material to explain the nature of such dangers (i.e., their consequences). Where does the United States stand with regard to such dangers today? Do you think the fears of these men are legitimate, even timeless? Or do they stem from quaint, outmoded notions that have no place in this day and age?

Writing Assignment Part 1: Analyze Sources

The purpose of this assignment is to aid students in analyzing sources. Students are to evaluate several potential sources that could be used for an essay. You will need to judge the quality of the eight sources given below. In a paragraph or two for each source, the student should describe it and evaluate its quality. The student should not just ascribe a high or low quality to the source, but discuss the reasoning behind those conclusions. Hopefully, after reading and analyzing these sources you will also have a good handle on the topic and some of its major arguments and issues.

The 8 Sources for Govt 2305 & 2306 Fall 2018 Writing Assignment topic of Regressive Taxation in Texas:

https://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/24/us/in-texas-the-joys-of-no-income-tax-the-agonies-of-the-other-kinds.html

https://www.taxpolicycenter.org/taxvox/tax-cuts-are-big-texas-not-low-income-residents

https://www.houstonchronicle.com/opinion/outlook/article/Brown-Texas-has-a-revenue-problem-and-it-s-11091993.php

https://www.theguardian.com/money/us-money-blog/2014/sep/17/states-income-taxes-surprising-inequality-burden

https://forabettertexas.org/images/BT_2013_03_PP_WhoPaysTaxes.pdf

https://www.texaspolicy.com/library/doclib/2006-02-PP-taxincidence-bs.pdf

https://money.cnn.com/2015/01/15/pf/taxes/poor-state-taxes/index.html

https://www.forbes.com/sites/taxanalysts/2015/01/30/regressive-taxes-are-neither-new-nor-good/#2940ffe45f15

Writing Assignment Part 2: Developing a Thesis statement; Outlining an argument; Preparing the Works Cited.

The purpose of this assignment is allow students to practice forming and outlining their argument and understanding the elements of a traditional essay.

Students will produce an outline for an essay, which eventually you will turn into your final essay. As a preparation for writing that essay, the student should focus on formulating their argument. The sources from assignment one are to be used in the outline, and if you desire, additional sources can be used as well. Students must attribute (cite) all of their sources used in the outline. You will use MLA style, which is the system taught in WC English courses. Remember the list of links located in the introductory module of Canvas to help you with your formatting and preparation of your works cited.

You will turn in an outline (including a thesis statement, topic sentences, evidence to support topics, and a concluding statement). Also, you will include a Works Cited (bibliography). We will talk more about this in class as the semester progresses.

Writing Assignment Part 3: Final argument construction – Your Essay

For this assignment, you will write a well-formulated and organized essay. Specific emphasize should be placed on synthesizing information and making well-supported conclusions. Utilizing the information from the Part 1 sources assignment and the outline from part 2, write your essay in which you discuss thoroughly the question being asked. The final essay needs to be 750-1000 words (3 to 4 pages), not counting the Works Cited portion. You may add your Works Cited at the end of your essay, so that you will have only one file document to upload into Canvas. Remember, I cannot read pages, so if you do not have Word, please upload your document as a .pdf file.

There you go! If you put in the time at the beginning and I would recommend you take notes while doing the source evaluation exercise, and then complete assignment 2, your essay will be all but written up, and you will find that the largest part of this process is the quickest, if not the easiest. I want you to also express your own opinions and attitudes but remember your position needs to be backed with facts from the readings.

While I encourage students to discuss amongst themselves these common assignments, I expect everyone to turn in their own, original work. Plagiarism will not be tolerated- whenever you are expressing someone elses ideas, words or positions, you MUST give them the proper credit through a citation reference. Remembering this when you are taking notes will make it easier when you are writing your final paper.

Please use the 4 concepts of federalism to decide which form of federalism would best describe these laws (these should look familiar).  You may do this by listing the number and the form of federalism.  Keep in mind, your options are DUAL, COOPERATIVE, CREATIVE, and NEW.
Congress passes a law, which asks states to establish a system of standardized testing for K-12 schools and to track student performance against state-mandated standards. If states do not create these exams and standards, they lose a portion of the federal education funding for which they might be eligible.
Congress creates a program to promote the prices of American agricultural products by offering low income families a subsidy to purchase food.
Congress passes a law requiring the US President to seek congressional authorization within 60 days of deploying American military personnel in foreign territory.
Congress passes a law requiring states to raise their drinking age to 21 or lose 10-25% of their federal transportation grants.
Congress passes a law that prevents the Centers for Disease Control from using any money allocated by Congress to study the health consequences of gun violence.
After you have considered what form of federalism would best describe these laws, please consider which form best suits your own political beliefs.  How would you like to see national and state power divided?  How much collaboration would you like to see between the state and national governments?

Please use Article I, section 8 of the U.S. Constitution, which is known as the enumerated powers clause, to evaluate the constitutionality of the following government actions.  Which powers of Congress allow the national government to take each of the actions described?  Keep in mind, there may be more than one… or there may not be a power of Congress related to the action (in which case the action would be unconstitutional). 
Congress passes a law, which asks states to establish a system of standardized testing for K-12 schools and to track student performance against state-mandated standards. If states do not create these exams and standards, they lose a portion of the federal education funding for which they might be eligible.
Congress creates a program to promote the prices of American agricultural products by offering low income families a subsidy to purchase food.
Congress passes a law requiring the US President to seek congressional authorization within 60 days of deploying American military personnel in foreign territory.
Congress passes a law requiring states to raise their drinking age to 21 or lose 10-25% of their federal transportation grants.
Congress passes a law that prevents the Centers for Disease Control from using any money allocated by Congress to study the health consequences of gun violence.
Congress passes a law defining who may jointly file federal taxes and claim federal tax benefits related to marriage. It also states that no state can be required to observe any definition other than the federal definition.
VERY IMPORTANT!!  After addressing each of these examples, please describe any trends that you see.

Must be written as an Executive summary.
Write an Executive Summary. Your task is to participate in lessons within the MLC, complete your required readings, and then analyze a required case study with a directed focus using one component of the NCO common core. You will then summarize the case study. You will focus on the historical case study but will be supported by other research you conduct to support your findings. Cite at least two references. The case studies will allow you to see how the actors represented or embodied these current competencies.
You will then summarize the case study and reflect to Army today .please 2 cite/reference per case study the Army doctrine ADRP 6-22, ADP 6-22 and the provided references.

1. (Leadership) CHARGE OF LIGHT BRIGADE CASE STUDY (200 words)
What in the provided case study can be applied to the NCO CCC of leadership? Support findings through the lens of current doctrine.

2. English Writing (NCO Communications) OPERATION OVERLORD CASE STUDY
As the Operations NCO you are to write an Executive Summary and poses this question: What is the greatest communication challenge for leaders; and, how can you as a leader measure the effectiveness of your communication skill? Support findings through the lens of current doctrine. Use the provided case study.

3. Mission Command (NCO CCC: Leadership) THE LEADERSHIP IMPERATIVE CASE STUDY
What is the units’ proficiency in the warfighting function, mission command. Support findings through the lens of current doctrine. Use the provided case study.

4. Decisive Action (NCO CCC Operations) DEFENSE SUPPORT OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES CASE STUDY
based on this question: How well was the performance in three of the warfighting functions.” Support findings through the lens of current doctrine. Use the provided case study.

Key
Define what is asked of you?
Explain what it is and relate to the provided doctrines/regulations.
Provide an example(s) and how it applies/reflects in today’s Military

Part 2 is divided into three separate sections Please identify each section by separate title and submit as one document.

Research – 60 points -Provide a summary and analysis of six separate sources in an Annotated Analytical Bibliography, each option has its own requirements for two articles  related to three distinct categories.  Please refer to your specific option assignment recommendations.

Analysis 20 points – Summarize your research and and how the information in the separate sections relate to one another. (Approximately 250 words)

Individual Action 20 points – Please explain in details how you are able to make a difference related to your selected option. Option may vary but all involve the possibility of a direct action that you are able to take.  If you have chosen the Legislative Option, your action will be in the form of a letter to your Representative or Senator explaining your concern and specifically identifying what you would like to see your Representative or Senator do regarding this matter. (

Please review the following guidelines and requirements in preparing your paper.

Look over the Research Project Grading Rubric to understand how you will be scored.

APA Research Analysis, including proper citations and reference list.
Use the SPC Library APA Citation Assistance page for help with APA formatting
You cannot cite the American government textbook we are using.
If you have extensive citations from one source, you will have to rewrite the paper. Remember, at least five sources used throughout the paper.
Personal interviews, statements on television, radio, and in videos or movies are not acceptable.

1,500 words approximately, 12 point traditional font.

A minimum of 6 relevant and legitimate sources, documented within the paper and properly cited in a reference list.

Clear application of research to the assignment requirements.

Welcoming different methodological and theoretical approaches, this wide-ranging programme offers exciting, timely and prize-winning books that are invaluable for researchers and students alike. Series such as New Security Challenges, Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies, and Critical Security Studies in the Global South demonstrate the programmes variety, prestige and innovation, and further bolster our reputation as the go-to publisher for the most exciting and significant security and peace research.