Focusing on retaining high performing employees and maintaining appropriate staffing levels are key functions for both human resources and the management of an organization. This units discussion addresses both of these functions. Please label your initial response to the different parts as A and B.

Employee Retention
A. What are the factors that influence employee retention? What three steps would you take as a human resource manager to positively reduce employee turnover in your organization?
B. How does downsizing affect organizations in the short term? In the long term? What is the impact of a layoff on layoff survivors within the organization? How can these effects be minimized?