Please respond to ONE (1) of the following questions and submit your short essay as a .pdf or .docx file.

Due Date: You must submit your work by Sunday, January 31 at 11:59pm (Pacific Time).  No late work for this test will be accepted.


Suggested length: You should work towards composing an answer of 400-600 words (about 1.5 to 2 double-spaced pages).
Formatting specifications: Your answer should by typed and double-spaced, with one-inch margins, justified to the left. At the top left-hand corner of the first page, write your name, the class name and CRN number (42313), the assignment name (Second Written Test), and the date of submission. 
Sources: Use the course readings and materials. Do NOT consult outside sources such as Wikipedia.  Write your answers in your own words, and quote exact words and phrases taken from other authors.
Citation: If you cite Foner, write the page number(s) in parentheses at the end of the sentence. You do not have to formally cite module materials such as documentaries, as long as you acknowledge the source in your sentences (for example, As the historian David Blight says in the documentary Africans in America: The Terrible Transformation, ).
Please note that plagiarism is a serious offense that will lead to an automatic score of zero on the exam with no chance for a re-do.  For more information, review the OCC Library’s page on Tips for Avoiding Plagiarism (Links to an external site.); also, you can take the quiz in this Plagiarism Tutorial from the University of New Hampshire’s College of Liberal Arts (Links to an external site.).
Questions (choose one)

Describe the terms of the Louisiana Purchase. When did it happen, and who were the two parties involved?  How much was gained, and for what cost?  Why was Thomas Jefferson criticized for the purchase, and what defense did he give?  [Sources: Foner textbook, Module pages]

What was the federal governments policy, established by Thomas Jefferson, towards Native American groups like the Cherokee? How did the Cherokee respond to this policy? How did the Indian policy change under Andrew Jackson, and why? What was the ultimate fate of the Cherokee Nation in the 1830s?  [Sources: Foner textbook, Module pages, Race, the Power of an Illusion: The Story We Tell]

How did the Abolitionist Movement that began in the 1830s differ from previous calls to end slavery in the United States? During the antebellum period, how did Abolitionism differ from Anti-Slavery? [Sources: Foner textbook, Module pages]

Explain how the Emancipation Proclamation changed the meaning of the Civil War. What were at least two specific developments during the early stages of the war that influenced Abraham Lincoln to give the proclamation? [Sources: Foner textbook, Module pages, The Civil War: Forever Free]