I will post 4 essay questions Tommorow at 9am, each question must be answered using only the material attached, no outside research is needed, and each question can be answered at a maximum of 500 words per question. The assignment needs to be done within the time given it cannot be extended. So please make sure it is not late under any circumstances

(Attached to this assignment is an upload of chapter 5)

Chapter 5 from Walsh and Stohr (a scan of Ch. 5 can be found within the Week 4 folder) examines Interviewing and Interrogating. Please read this chapter, and for DQ#2, answer ALL (3) of the following questions:

1. According to Chapter 5 (Walsh & Stohr, 2010), what is Active Listening? Active Listening is discussed specifically in Chapter 5, but you are not allowed to use quotesI want you to paraphrase, meaning, use your own words.

2. According to Chapter 5 (Walsh & Stohr, 2010), how is Active Listening accomplished? What are some of the specific techniques used? You should have at least two specific techniques written here. Again, you may not use quotes instead, you must paraphrase.

3. Next, share one of your own personal or professional life experiences where you felt like you failed to practice active listening. What was the result? How could you have improved that experience by utilizing your active listening skills? **You need to post an answer for this part of the discussion question, but I do not want anyone sharing anything that they feel is too privateremember, your post will be visible to the entire class.

Recently, the global society has witnessed the unfortunate gradual suffocation and killing of an American citizen by the police in Minneapolis’s streets that led to peaceful protests in America and around the world.  Based on your readings so far in this course, write a comprehensive essay detailing the role of the American courts (judiciary administration/decisions) in combating the use of punitive force against human beings in the United States.  In your response, critically articulate some policy recommendations separately by the courts for good citizens relationships with American law enforcement. 650 words minimum.. 800 words max..

Getting Started
This writing assignment explores the code of ethics used by law enforcement officers.  You will research the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics and analyze how police adhere to the Code of Ethics.

Upon successful completion of the course material, you will be able to:

Identify the factors that contribute to police corruption.
Describe the law enforcement code of ethics.

Resources
Textbook: Policing America: Challenges and Best Practices
Media 4.5 Resource: Police Accountability
File: Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
Video: M&I: The Police: Issues and Challenges Issue 2: Police Ethics and Corruption

Background Information
Codes of ethics provide moral guidelines and define expected professional behavior. They assist members in understanding what is right and wrong, and many organizations share their ethical expectations by creating, adopting, and sharing a code of ethics or code of conduct.  Codes of ethics do not cover every situation.  Police officers, attorneys, and corrections professionals all have codes of ethics specific to their profession, as do many other professions.

Instructions
Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.
Review Chapters 7-11 in the textbook, Policing America: Challenges and Best Practices.
Review the media 4.5 Resource: Police Accountability.
View the handout Law Enforcement Code of Ethics.
Watch the following video: M&I: The Police: Issues and Challenges Issue 2: Police Ethics and Corruption.
Write a one-page paper that addresses these questions:
Do police officers always live up to their code of ethics?
What might they not live up to?
What might be the causes for misconduct?
Remember to cite your references using APA formatting.

Getting Started
This glossary assignment will continue to help you develop vocabulary related to law enforcement.  You will define law enforcement-related terms and provide examples for each.

Upon successful completion of the course material, you will be able to:

Define terms related to constitutional amendments.

Resources
Textbook: Policing America: Challenges and Best Practices
Media 4.2 Resource: Law and Liability

Background Information
Every culture and subculture has certain terms used by members.  These terms can be used as a code, defining an action with fewer words than would otherwise be needed.  The police subculture is no different, and there are a variety of words used.  As you examine several of those words in this workshop, think about their origin and how they may have transformed over time.

Instructions
Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.
Review Chapters 7-11 in the textbook, Policing America: Challenges and Best Practices.
Review the media 4.2 Resource: Law and Liability.
In a two- to three-page paper, provide definitions for each of the following terms.  Do not copy the definitions for these terms from the textbook; define each of them using your own words.
Affidavit
Bivens tort
Crime-control model
Negligence
Due process model
Qualified immunity
Entrapment
Respondeat superior
Exclusionary rule
Section 242
Exigent circumstance
Section 1983
Fifth Amendment
Sovereign immunity
Fourth Amendment
Stare decisis
In loco parentis
Tort liability
Interrogation
Vicarious liability
Lineup
Wrongful death
Parens patriae
Probable cause
Search and seizure
Sixth Amendment
In the same document, provide one example of each term to help you remember it.
Remember to cite your references using APA formatting.

Getting Started
This article review explores the liability involved in law enforcement misconduct.  You will research an article on law enforcement conduct and analyze what law enforcement can incorporate in their training programs in order to avoid lawsuits.

Upon successful completion of the course material, you will be able to:

Discuss areas of liability related to policing.
Map the evolution of civil liability.

Resources
Textbook: Policing America: Challenges and Best Practices
Media 4.2 Resource: Law and Liability

Background Information
Liability for police-related behavior most often occurs when a police officer violates a legal mandate (order or decision from a court).  Liability is generally limited to issues like the use of force, vehicle pursuits, searches, off-duty behavior, and sexual misconduct.  While some may feel that proper behavior is “common sense,” it is important for all police officers to be trained in and reminded about acceptable behavior.

Instructions
Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.
Review Chapters 7-11 in the textbook, Policing America: Challenges and Best Practices.
Review the media 4.2 Resource: Law and Liability.
Conduct research on the Internet using the News tab on the Google homepage.  Find a recent article on some type of law enforcement misconduct issue in the United States.
Write a one-page synopsis of the event or issue.  Include answers to the following questions:
What is the liability for the law enforcement officer or agency?
What types of training and education could local law enforcement agencies use to minimize the potential for a lawsuit being filed against them for this type of issue?
How does our view of this event today differ than it did in the past?  Explain.
Remember to cite your references using APA formatting.

**URGENT ORDER**

Please answer the following questions separately. Be objective as possible. Provide examples based on your research and cite all references that support your position.

1. Provided a team has shared goals and shared accountability, over time, what generally happens to social loafers (slackers) on the team ?

2. Discuss the benefits of a leader with a coach-like approach asking questions of his/her followers.

Assignment Details

Read the case of Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ____(2015), and write a 45-page paper addressing the following:
Summarize the plaintiffs arguments that their substantive due process had been violated.
Summarize the plaintiffs argument that their rights to equal protection under the law had been violated. 
Explain the Courts ruling and any prior U.S. Supreme Court cases that may have laid the foundation for this case. 
Explain what societal changes influenced the Courts decisions from the time of the 1986 Bowers v. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186 (1986) case, in which the Court upheld a Georgia statute that criminalized homosexual sex, to Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003), that overruled Bowers, to the 2015 Obergefell case that recognized same-sex marriage.
Summarize why the dissenting justices disagreed with the majority opinion in Obergefell. 
Do you agree with the majority opinion or the dissenting justices? Explain why.
References
Oyez. (n.d.). Bowers v. Hardwick. Retrieved from https://www.oyez.org/cases/1985/85-140
Oyez. (n.d.). Lawrence v. Texas. Retrieved from https://www.oyez.org/cases/2002/02-102
Oyez. (n.d.). Obergefell v. Hodges. Retrieved from https://www.oyez.org/cases/2014/14-556

Essays should be a minimum of 6 pages, double spaced, Arial or Times New Roman, 12 point font.

Each essay will consist of an Introduction, 5-7 body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Outside research including a works cited page and in-text citations will also need to be included using APA.

Should the government control the content of TV shows and limit and amount of weekly violence?  How could the national and world news be shown if violence were omitted?  What about boxing matches and hockey games?

2.  How can we explain the fact that millions of kids watch violent TV shows and remain nonviolent?  If there is a link between violence in the media and violent behavior, how can we explain the fact that violence rates may have been higher in the Old West than they are today?  In fact, violent crime rates are lower today than they were 25 years ago, even after the creation of smartphones which give us access to all forms of media 24/7. 

You will need to post your initial response before seeing any posts from your classmates.

Post your initial response of at least 200 words